**LIPUTAN6 EN – **Definition In the binary language number system, each digit is called a bit, which is an abbreviation for binary digit. One bit can represent two values, 0 or 1. The value 0 represents the off or low state, while the value 1 represents the on or high state.

For example, the number 1 in the binary number system can be represented by two bits, namely 10. The number 2 can be represented by three bits, namely 11. The number 3 can be represented by four bits, namely 110.

History The binary number system has been around for a long time. Around 200 BCE, an Indian mathematician named Pingala introduced the concept of binary numbers in his work titled Chandas Sutra.

In the 17th century, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician, further developed the binary number system. Leibniz believed that the binary number system is simpler and more efficient than the decimal number system.

In the 20th century, the binary number system became increasingly popular with the development of computers. Digital computers use the binary number system to store data and execute programs.

Uses Binary language has various uses, including:

- Representing dataBinary language can be used to represent digital data such as text, images, audio, and video.
- Running programsCommands in computer programs are written in binary language.
- Controlling electronic devicesBinary language can be used to control electronic devices, such as industrial machines, robots, and automation systems.

Examples Here are some examples of the use of binary language:

- TextText can be represented in binary language using ASCII codes. ASCII codes use 7 bits to represent each text character.
- ImageImages can be represented in binary language using JPEG or GIF codes. These codes use a combination of bits to represent each color in the image.
- AudioAudio can be represented in binary language using MP3 or AAC codes. These codes use a combination of bits to represent each sound wave in the audio.
- VideoVideo can be represented in binary language using MPEG or H.264 codes. These codes use a combination of bits to represent each frame in the video.

In addition to the understanding and history of binary language, here are some other things to know about binary language:

Arithmetic operations Basic arithmetic operations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, can be performed in binary language.

For example, the addition of two binary numbers can be done using a truth table, as follows: Subtraction of two binary numbers can be done using the one’s complement or two’s complement method. Multiplication of two binary numbers can be done using the repeated multiplication method.

Division of two binary numbers can be done using the repeated division method or remainder method. Number system conversion Binary language can be converted to other number systems, such as decimal, octal, and hexadecimal.

Conversion from binary to other number systems can be done using a truth table. Representation of negative numbers Negative numbers can be represented in binary language using the one’s complement or two’s complement method.

The one’s complement method represents negative numbers by flipping all bits of the positive number and then adding 1. The two’s complement method represents negative numbers by flipping all bits of the positive number, adding 1, and then adding 1 again. Applications of binary language Binary language is used in various applications, including:

Computer Digital computers use binary language to store data and run programs. Telecommunication Binary language is used to transmit data through telecommunication networks.

Electronics Binary language is used to control electronic devices, such as industrial machines, robots, and automation systems. Security Binary language is used to encrypt data to protect it from eavesdropping.

Binary language is a crucial numerical system in the digital world. This numerical system is used to represent data, run programs, and control electronic devices. Binary language has numerous uses and applications in the digital realm.